Vertigo gets better in most cases without treatment. See a GP if it keeps coming back or is affecting your daily life.
Vertigo feels like you or everything around you is spinning – enough to affect your balance. It's more than just feeling dizzy.
A vertigo attack can last from a few seconds to hours. If you have severe vertigo, it can last for many days or months.
There are things you can do to ease vertigo symptoms when they're happening, and to reduce the number of episodes you have.
lie still in a quiet, dark room to reduce the spinning feeling
move your head carefully and slowly during daily activities
sit down straight away when you feel dizzy
turn on the lights if you get up at night
use a walking stick if you're at risk of falling
sleep with your head slightly raised on 2 or more pillows
get out of bed slowly and sit on the edge of the bed for a while before standing up
try to relax – anxiety can make vertigo worse
do not bend over to pick things up – squat to lower yourself instead
do not stretch your neck – for example, while reaching up to a high shelf
The GP will ask about your symptoms to try to find out what type of vertigo you have.
A simple test that involves you moving quickly from a sitting to a lying position might be done to check your balance. This could bring on symptoms.
You might also be referred to a specialist for further tests.
Most cases of vertigo get better without treatment.
Treatment will depend on the cause. The GP might prescribe antibiotics if it's caused by an infection.
You could also be given special exercises to do to try to correct your balance.
Antihistamines can sometimes help with vertigo symptoms.
If you drive, you must tell the DVLA about your vertigo.
Visit the GOV.UK website for more information on driving with vertigo.
Inner ear problems, which affect balance, are the most common causes:
- benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – where specific head movements cause vertigo
- labyrinthitis – an inner ear infection caused by a cold or flu virus
- vestibular neuronitis – inflammation of the vestibular nerve
- Ménière's disease – a rare inner ear condition, which sometimes involves ringing in the ear (tinnitus) or loss of hearing
Read more about BPPV on the Ménière’s Society website.
Other things that can cause vertigo:
- some types of medicine – check the leaflet to see if it's listed as a side effect
Sometimes the cause is unknown.