Having osteoporosis does not mean you'll definitely have a fracture.
There are measures you can take to reduce your risk of a fall or break.
Making some simple changes at home can help reduce the risk of breaking a bone in a fall.
Check your home for hazards you may trip over, such as trailing wires. Make sure rugs and carpets are secure, and keep rubber mats by the sink and in the bath to prevent slipping.
Read more about preventing falls.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has also produced guidance called Falls: the assessment and prevention of falls in older people.
Healthy eating and exercise
Make sure you have a balanced diet that contains all the food groups to give your body the nutrition it needs.
Read more about what food to eat for strong bones.
The Royal Osteoporosis Society has exercise and phyical activity leaflets and factsheets and information on looking after your bones.
Your GP or nurse may be able to answer any questions you have about living with osteoporosis and can reassure you if you're worried.
You may also find it helpful to talk to a trained counsellor or psychologist, or to someone at a specialist helpline. Your GP surgery will have information about these.
Some people find it helpful to talk to others with osteoporosis, either at a local support group or in an internet chat room.
Free osteoporosis telephone helpline
Call 0808 800 0035. You can also email them at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Recovering from a broken bone
Broken bones usually take 6 to 8 weeks to recover. Having osteoporosis does not affect how long this takes. Recovery depends on the type of fracture you have. Some fractures heal easily, while others may need more intervention.
Hip replacements are often needed after hip fractures, and some people may lose mobility as a result of weakened bones.
Osteoporosis can cause a loss of height due to a broken bone in the spinal column. This means the spine is no longer able to support your body's weight and causes a hunched posture.
This can be painful when it happens, but it can also lead to long-term pain. Your GP or nurse may be able to help with this.
During the healing process, you may need the help of a physiotherapist or occupational therapist so you can make as full a recovery as possible.
The Royal Osteoporosis Society has information on exercises for posture after a spinal fracture.
Coping with pain
Everyone experiences pain differently, so what works for you may differ from what works for someone else.
There are different ways to manage pain, including:
- heat treatment, such as warm baths or hot packs
- cold treatment, such as cold packs
- transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) – this is thought to reduce pain by stimulating the nerves
- simple relaxation techniques
You can use more than one of these techniques at the same time to manage your pain – for example, you could combine medicine, a heat pack and relaxation techniques.
Working and money
You should be able to continue working if you have osteoporosis. It's very important that you remain physically active.
This will help keep your bones healthy.
However, if your work involves the risk of falling or breaking a bone, seek advice from your employer, GP and the Royal Osteoporosis Society about how to limit your risk of having an accident or injury that could lead to a bone break.
There are various benefits available to people with an illness or disability. The social care and support guide has more information on:
Help for carers
You may also be entitled to certain benefits if you care for someone with osteoporosis.
Read more about benefits for carers.