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Your contraception guide

Will a pregnancy test work if I'm on the pill?

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No contraceptive method is completely effective, so it's always advisable to take a pregnancy test if you think you might be pregnant, regardless of the type of contraception you're currently using or have used in the past.

Hormonal methods of contraception – such as the contraceptive pill, contraceptive implants and injections – contain the hormones oestrogen and progestogen. They work by changing your balance of hormones.

However, these hormones will not affect the result of a pregnancy test because they are not used to measure whether or not you are pregnant.

A pregnancy test only reacts to the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG).

However, if you're pregnant, this hormone may not be detected in your pee (urine) until around 13 to 16 days after the release of an egg (ovulation), which is around the time you would normally get your period.

Until this time has passed it is not usually possible to see a positive result in a pregnancy test.

Urine tests require a certain level of HCG to be present in order to indicate a positive pregnancy result. Blood tests are more sensitive because they can detect a smaller amount of HCG, which means that pregnancies can be picked up earlier, usually between 6 to 8 days after ovulation.

HCG is sometimes used in fertility treatment, which could cause a false-positive result (where the result shows as positive but is actually negative).

You should wait 14 days after having fertility treatment before taking a pregnancy test. Your doctor can advise you on this.

If you get a negative result after taking your pregnancy test, it can mean several different things.

Firstly, it can mean you are not pregnant, or that you have taken the test too early. Taking a test too early is easily done because it can be difficult to work out the exact day you began ovulating.

If you think you may have taken the test too early, wait a few days before taking a second test, or see your GP for advice.

Negative results may also be because you have used the pregnancy test incorrectly. Home pregnancy tests can vary, so always read the instructions carefully before you do the test.

Drinking too much fluid before a test can also lead to your urine being diluted, which can affect the levels of HCG in your sample.

If you are in any doubt about your pregnancy test result, you should make an appointment with your GP.

Page last reviewed: 17/03/2021
Next review due: 17/03/2024