Blisters should heal on their own within a week. They can be painful while they heal, but you shouldn't need to see a GP.
To relieve any pain, use an ice pack (or a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel) on the blister for up to 30 minutes.
To protect the blister and help prevent infection:
- cover blisters that are likely to burst with a soft plaster or dressing
- wash your hands before touching a burst blister
- allow the fluid in a burst blister to drain before covering it with a plaster or dressing
- do not burst a blister yourself
- do not peel the skin off a burst blister
- do not pick at the edges of the remaining skin
- do not wear the shoes or use the equipment that caused your blister until it heals
To protect your blister from becoming infected, a pharmacist can recommend a plaster or dressing to cover it while it heals.
A hydrocolloid dressing can help reduce pain and speed up healing.
Don't ignore an infected blister. Without treatment it could lead to a skin or blood infection.
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- a blister is very painful or keeps coming back
- the skin looks infected – it's red, hot and the blister is filled with green or yellow pus
- a blister is in an unusual place – such as your eyelids, mouth or genitals
- several blisters have appeared for no reason
- a blister was caused by a burn or scald, sunburn, or an allergic reaction
Your GP might burst a large or painful blister using a sterilised needle. If your blister is infected, they may prescribe antibiotics.
They can also offer treatment and advice if blisters are caused by a medical condition.
Blisters develop to protect damaged skin and help it heal. They are mostly caused by friction, burns and skin reactions, such as an allergic reaction.
Blood blisters appear when blood vessels in the skin have also been damaged. They are often more painful than a regular blister.
If you regularly get friction blisters:
- wear comfortable, well-fitting shoes
- gradually break in new shoes
- wear thicker wool socks during exercise
- dust talcum powder in your socks if you get sweaty feet
- wear protective gloves when you exercise or if you use tools at work
Conditions that can cause blisters
- Chickenpox – a childhood illness that causes itchy red spots
- Cold sores – small blisters that develop on the lips or around the mouth, caused by a virus
- Genital herpes – a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that most commonly affects the groin
- Bullous impetigo – a contagious bacterial skin infection
- Pompholyx – a type of eczema
- Scabies – a skin condition caused by tiny mites
- Hand, foot and mouth disease – a viral infection that usually affects young children