Anyone with a womb can get womb cancer, this includes trans men and non-binary people with a womb. It usually happens after menopause, in people over the age 40.
It’s not certain what causes womb cancer, but there are some things that can increase your chance of getting it.
Having a high level of a hormone called oestrogen is one of the main things that can increase your chance of getting womb cancer.
You may have high levels of oestrogen if you:
- are overweight
- take some types of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
- have never given birth
- have polycystic ovary syndrome
- went through the menopause after the age of 55
You may have a higher chance of getting womb cancer if you have:
- a family history of bowel, ovarian or womb cancer
- inherited a rare gene that causes Lynch syndrome
- taken medicines to treat like Tamoxifen (used to treat breast cancer)
- had radiotherapy on your pelvis
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You cannot always prevent womb cancer, but there are things you can do to lower your chance of getting it.
make sure you're a healthy weight
stay active and do regular exercise
have a healthy diet and cut down on alcohol
talk to a GP about a type of contraception that may lower your chance of getting womb cancer
talk to a GP about which HRT is best for you if you are thinking about taking HRT
It's important to get any symptoms of womb cancer checked by a GP.