Before being admitted for surgery, you'll have a careful preoperative assessment.
If a carotid endarterectomy has been arranged in advance, the assessment will usually be carried out at a hospital pre-assessment clinic a few days before you're due to have the procedure.
In some cases, you'll be asked to attend the pre-assessment clinic on the day of the operation.
You'll have tests to check the health of your arteries, and you may be admitted for surgery immediately if your carotid arteries are found to be severely narrowed.
You'll have a physical examination and be asked about your medical history at a pre-admission clinic. Any further tests or investigations that are needed will also be carried out at this time.
The pre-admission clinic is a good opportunity for you to ask your treatment team about the procedure, although you can discuss any concerns you have at any time.
If you're taking any medication (prescribed or otherwise), it's a good idea to bring it with you to the pre-admission clinic so the details can be noted.
You'll be asked whether you have had anaesthetic (painkilling medication) in the past and whether you experienced any side effects, such as feeling sick.
You'll also be asked whether you're allergic to anything to avoid a reaction to any medication you may need during your treatment.
Your treatment team will ask you about your teeth, including whether you wear dentures, have caps or a plate.
This is because during the operation you may need to have a tube put down your throat to help you breathe, and loose teeth could be dangerous.
Before having a carotid endarterectomy, your surgeon will discuss how you should prepare.
They may advise you to:
- stop smoking – smoking increases your risk of developing a chest infection, can delay healing, and increase your risk of developing a blood clot
- watch your weight – if you're overweight, losing weight will be recommended, but as strenuous exercise could be dangerous, you'll need to do this by dieting; your GP will be able to advise you about how to lose weight
- think positively – a positive mental attitude can help you deal with the stress of surgery and help your recovery
Read more about preparing for surgery.
If you're going into hospital to have surgery, you may find the following list of things to take useful:
- a change of nightclothes
- some comfortable clothes
- slippers and a dressing gown
- toiletries, including a toothbrush and flannel
- any medication you're taking, including the details of your medication
- any equipment you use, such as a walking stick or hearing aid
- things to pass the time during your stay, such as books, magazines, stationery, jigsaws, crosswords and sudoku
- money to use the telephone – you can take your mobile phone with you, but you may not be able to use it on the ward
Most hospitals can cater for most types of diet, including religious requirements. But you may want to take a few healthy snacks and drinks with you.