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Prevention

As the exact cause of Alzheimer's disease is still unknown, there's no certain way to prevent the condition. But a healthy lifestyle can help reduce your risk.

Cardiovascular disease has been linked with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia.

You may be able to reduce your risk of developing these conditions – as well as other serious problems, such as strokes and heart attacks – by taking steps to improve your cardiovascular health.

These include: 

The latest research suggests that other factors are also important, although this does not mean these factors are directly responsible for causing dementia.

These include:

The research concluded that by modifying all the risk factors we're able to change, our risk of dementia could be significantly reduced.

There's some evidence to suggest that rates of dementia are lower in people who remain mentally and socially active throughout their lives.

It may be possible to reduce your risk of Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia by:

  • reading
  • learning foreign languages
  • playing musical instruments
  • volunteering in your local community
  • taking part in group sports, such as bowling
  • trying new activities or hobbies
  • maintaining an active social life

Interventions such as "brain training" computer games have been shown to improve cognition over a short period, but research has not yet demonstrated whether this can help prevent dementia.

Read more about preventing dementia.