It can take up to 2 weeks to recover from the surgery for having your wisdom tooth or teeth removed.
During this time, you may have:
- a swollen mouth and cheeks – this will be worse for the first few days but will gradually improve; gently pressing a cold cloth to your face helps reduce the swelling
- some mild visible bruising of your cheek – the skin may be bruised for up to 2 weeks
- a stiff, sore jaw – this should wear off within 7 to 10 days
- pain – this is worse if the extraction was difficult or complicated
- an unpleasant taste in your mouth
- tingling or numbness of your face, lips or tongue (although this is uncommon)
Report any excess bleeding, severe pain or any other unusual symptoms to your dentist or oral surgeon immediately.
To reduce pain and aid your recovery, it can be helpful to:
- use painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen (always read and follow the manufacturer's dosage instructions) – there's some evidence to suggest that ibuprofen is the best painkiller to take after having wisdom teeth removed
- avoid strenuous activity and exercise for a few days
- use an extra pillow to support your head at night
- for 24 hours, avoid rinsing, spitting, hot drinks or anything else that may dislodge the blood clots that form in the empty tooth socket (they help the healing process)
- avoid smoking and drinking alcohol for 24 hours
- eat soft or liquid food for a few days and chew with your other teeth
- gently rinse the extraction site with antiseptic mouthwash after 24 hours, and repeat this regularly over the next few days, particularly after eating – you can also use warm water with a teaspoon of salt as mouthwash to reduce gum soreness and inflammation
It's usually recommended that you take a day or two off work after having a wisdom tooth removed. You won't need a sick note from your doctor or dentist for this.
You can drive immediately after the procedure if local anaesthetic was used, but you should avoid driving for at least 24 hours if a sedative was used, or 48 hours if the procedure was carried out under general anaesthetic.
After your wisdom teeth have been removed and any swelling and bruising has disappeared, your mouth and face should return to normal.
You'll usually be able to brush your teeth normally after a few days. Make sure you finish any course of antibiotics you've been given.
A check-up appointment may be arranged for about a week or so after the procedure. At this point, any remaining stitches may be removed.