Moving to a new home: housing options for older people or people with disabilities
Alternatives to care homes if you can no longer live in your own home.
The time may come when living at home isn't safe or comfortable anymore. It's not an easy decision, but there are lots of housing options.
Moving somewhere more suitable can make life much better for you.
This information is about moving to a new home. If you want to find out about how to live more independently in your own home, read our information on:
Housing options for older people
You may be finding it difficult to manage in your own home, or would prefer to move somewhere else.
You may want to live somewhere smaller and easier to maintain, or you may want to live somewhere more suited to your physical needs, such as a bungalow. You may prefer to live nearer family or friends, or have easier access to facilities such as transport and leisure.
Or you may want to live in a community where you retain your independence, but where care and support are available on site if you need them or might require them in the future.
While buying or renting a different property or moving into a care home might be the first options that spring to mind, there are many others you could consider.
- exchanging a council or housing association property
- sheltered housing
- extra care housing
- close care
- retirement villages
- homeshare schemes
If you're having problems with your current home, you can use the Housing Options for Older People online tool to identify the most important difficulties and get suggestions for dealing with them.
Exchanging a council or housing association property
Your council or housing association may be able to help you find more suitable accommodation by arranging an exchange or "swap" for another council or housing association property.
Ask your local council or housing association for details of any schemes in your area.
Sheltered housing is for people who are normally able to live quite independently, but need occasional help or support.
Often, sheltered housing will have a warden who you can call in an emergency, as well as other security features like emergency alarm systems.
Sheltered housing properties may also have communal facilities such as a laundry, lounge and garden, as well as offering social activities and events.
The level of support on offer varies depending on the individual scheme.
Sheltered housing may be provided by your local council, or you can buy or rent a property privately.
Make sure to check whether:
- there's a service charge and if so, how much it is
- there are any rules that could impact you, such as rules on keeping pets
Extra care housing
Extra care housing (also called "assisted living" or "very sheltered housing") offers more support than sheltered accommodation.
You live in a self-contained flat, but you may have services provided by on-site staff, such as meals or personal care and domestic support.
There are usually communal areas such as cafes and lounges, too.
You don't have to sign up to receive care and support when you first move in, and the level of assistance can be increased as your needs change.
Extra care is usually available to rent or buy.
Close care housing
Close care is housing for older people (usually a flat or bungalow) that's on the same site as a care home.
The care home provides personal care services and allows you to move there in the future if you want to.
This type of housing can be a good option for couples who have different needs.
Retirement villages are large-scale developments of bungalows, flats or houses specifically designed for older people.
Many of these retirement complexes include a care home and communal facilities.
If you don't want to move out of your home and you have a spare room, an option is to share your home.
Homeshare is a scheme that connects you with people who need accommodation and are happy to keep you company and help around the house.
It helps you stay independently at home for longer, and gives you and your loved ones peace of mind.
Usually, you don't charge rent but share the household bills. In return, the homesharer helps out by cooking meals, running errands, doing your shopping, and so on.
Teenagers and young adults with special needs or disabilities may want – or need – greater independence as they get older.
But they're also likely to have care needs that mean they need alternative housing options.
Those care needs may be related to, for example, physical or mental health problems, a learning disability, or drug or alcohol misuse.
There are a variety of housing options they may want to consider:
- buying or renting an adapted property
- sheltered housing schemes for younger people
- supported housing in the community
- supported living services
- shared lives schemes
Buying or renting an adapted property
If they have physical health problems, the local council could help to find a property that's already been adapted in a way that meets their needs.
Alternatively, they may be able to get a housing grant to cover any adaptations that need to be made.
Sheltered housing schemes for younger people
Although many sheltered housing schemes are specifically for older people, there are some that are specially for younger disabled adults.
These homes are designed for independent living but have extra facilities, such as a warden who can be called in an emergency, or communal facilities like a laundry and lounge.
Supported housing in the community
Some young adults only require a small amount of support when at home, and may go to college, work or day centres during the day.
A wide variety of housing options is available for these more independent adults.
Some supported housing is managed by the local council, and some by housing associations, voluntary organisations and charities.
They run the units to meet particular needs, such as for adults with learning disabilities.
Supported living services
Supported living services aim to keep people in the community with as much independence as possible, but with the right support.
This may include providing suitable or adapted accommodation – which can be your own home – and some forms of personal care.
This kind of support may benefit someone who wants to continue living where they are or who's moving elsewhere, such as to a hostel or shared accommodation of some type.
Services that support independent living may include help to access training and employment, or help with claiming benefits or social skills.
They could also include life skills such as healthy eating and how to eat well for less.
Supported living services don't usually include personal and health care, such as help with washing and taking medicine, so these need to be arranged separately as part of the care plan.
To find out if someone is eligible for supported living, they'll need to have a care needs assessment.
Shared lives schemes
Shared lives – sometimes known as "adult placement" – matches adults with care and support needs with people who act as a carer to give them help and support.
In many cases, the adult will live with someone who acts as their carer in the carer's own home. This could be a long-term placement or a short stay, such as following a period in hospital.
In some cases, the carer will support someone who continues to live in their own home, but the carer will act as a family member, providing a consistent relationship and emotional support.
Read more about shared lives schemes.
- EAC FirstStop Advice is a free independent service offering advice and information on housing and care options for later life
- Age UK: housing options for older people