If you think you have a goitre, see your GP. They can examine your neck to see if there's any thyroid gland swelling. They may request blood tests to check if your thyroid gland is working properly.
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Goitres are usually small and do not cause symptoms. A large goitre may cause coughing, a tight throat, hoarseness and difficulty swallowing.
Treatments for a goitre include medicines, hormone therapy and sometimes surgery. Goitres with no symptoms do not usually need treatment.
Causes for a goitre include problems with your thyroid gland, puberty, the menopause and not enough iodine in your diet.
Page last reviewed: 15/04/2019
Next review due: 15/04/2022