Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
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A Hib infection can cause serious conditions including meningitis, sepsis, pneumonia and epiglottitis which can have lasting health effects.
Symptoms of a Hib infection depend on where the infection is, but can include a high temperature, a rash and difficulty breathing.
Treatment for a Hib infection includes antibiotics and steroid medicines. Other medicines and surgery may also sometimes be needed.
There is a vaccine for Hib that is part of the NHS vaccination programme. Babies should be vaccinated to help stop them getting seriously ill.
Hib infections spread through coughs and sneezes, like colds and flu. Some people are more likely to get seriously ill, including babies and children
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a type of bacteria that can cause life-threatening infections. Vaccination protects against it.
Page last reviewed: 04/04/2023
Next review due: 04/04/2026