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Some people with restricted growth (dwarfism) have health problems. But for many, the only sign is short height.

People with proportionate short stature (PSS) grow very slowly and have a general lack of growth throughout the body. The body, legs and arms are all shorter than normal.

PSS may not be noticeable until later in childhood or puberty.

Any other symptoms the person has will depend on the underlying cause of PSS.

In people with disproportionate short stature (DSS), the arms and legs are particularly short.

People with achondroplasia, one of the most common causes of DSS, typically have:

  • a normal-length body with short arms and legs
  • a large head with a prominent forehead and flat nasal bridge
  • short and wide hands and feet
  • short fingers and toes

Some people with achondroplasia also have: