Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an infection spread by tick bites. Ticks that spread it are found in parts of Europe and Asia, and some parts of the UK.
The risk of getting TBE is very low.
Ticks that spread it can be found in:
Ticks live in forests and grassy areas. You're more at risk of being bitten if you do activities such as hiking and camping.
Not all ticks spread TBE. Even if you're bitten, the risk of getting seriously ill is low.
You can check the risks of a country you're travelling to on the Travel Health Pro website.
Consider having the TBE vaccine if you're visiting a country where the infection is common and you're planning to do outdoor activities when you get there.
Two injections of the vaccine can protect you for about a year. A third injection can protect you for about 3 years.
You need to have the first injection at least 1 month before travelling.
The TBE vaccine is not available on the NHS. Search online for a travel clinic that offers it. It costs about £65 per injection.
Always try to avoid being bitten in places where ticks are found.
To reduce the risk of being bitten:
Tick bites are not always painful. You may not notice a tick unless you see it on your skin.
Always check your skin and hair after being outdoors.
To remove a tick safely:
The risk of getting ill is low. You do not need to do anything else unless you become unwell.
You have been bitten by a tick or visited an area in the past month where ticks are found, and you get either:
Either of these could be an early sign of an infection.
Tell the doctor if you have been in forests or grassy areas.