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Treatment

Mild pneumonia can usually be treated at home with rest, antibiotics (if it's likely be caused by a bacterial infection) and by drinking plenty of fluids. More severe cases may need hospital treatment.

Unless a healthcare professional tells you otherwise, you should always finish taking a prescribed course of antibiotics, even if you feel better.

If you stop taking an antibiotic part way through a course, the bacteria can become resistant to the antibiotic.

After starting treatment, your symptoms should steadily improve.

However, how quickly they improve will depend on how severe your pneumonia is. 

As a general guide, after:

Contact your GP or 111 online if your symptoms do not improve within 3 days of starting antibiotics.

Symptoms may not improve if:

Painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, may help relieve pain and reduce fever.

However, you should not take ibuprofen if you:

Cough medicines are not recommended as there is little evidence they are effective. A warm honey and lemon drink can help relieve discomfort caused by coughing.

Your cough may persist for 2 to 3 weeks after you finish your course of antibiotics, and you may feel tired for even longer as your body continues to recover.

Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration, and get plenty of rest to help your body recover.

If you smoke, it's more important than ever to stop, as smoking damages your lungs.

Read more about stop smoking treatments and how to stop smoking.

Contact a GP or 111 online if, after following these self-help measures, you're feeling worse or you're not feeling any better.

Follow-up

The doctor will probably arrange a follow-up appointment for you about 6 weeks after you start your course of antibiotics.

In some cases, they may arrange follow-up tests, such as a chest X-ray, if:

Some people may be advised to have a flu vaccination or pneumococcal vaccination after recovering from pneumonia.

You may need treatment in hospital if your symptoms are severe.

You should be given antibiotics as soon as possible if your pneumonia is likely to be caused by a bacterial infection.

You will probably not be given antibiotics if the cause is likely to be a virus, such as coronavirus. This is because antibiotics do not work for viral infections.

You may also be given fluids intravenously through a drip, and you may need oxygen to help breathing.

In serious cases of pneumonia, breathing assistance through a ventilator in an intensive care unit (ICU) may be required.

Aspiration pneumonia

If you've breathed in an object that's causing pneumonia, it may need to be removed.

To do this, an instrument called a bronchoscope may be used to look into your airways and lungs so that the object can be located and removed. This procedure is known as a bronchoscopy.