Piles (haemorrhoids) are lumps inside and around your bottom (anus). They often get better on their own after a few days. There are things you can do to treat and prevent piles.
Symptoms of piles include:
drink lots of fluid and eat plenty of fibre to keep your poo soft
wipe your bottom with damp toilet paper
take paracetamol if piles hurt
take a warm bath to ease itching and pain
use an ice pack wrapped in a towel to ease discomfort
gently push a pile back inside
keep your bottom clean and dry
cut down on alcohol and caffeine (like tea, coffee and cola) to avoid constipation
do not wipe your bottom too hard after you poo
do not ignore the urge to poo
do not push too hard when pooing
do not take painkillers that contain codeine, as they cause constipation
do not take ibuprofen if your piles are bleeding
do not spend more time than you need to on the toilet
A pharmacist can suggest:
Many pharmacies have private areas if you do not want to be overheard.
If there's no improvement to your piles after home treatments, you may need hospital treatment.
Talk to your doctor about the best treatment for you. Treatment does not always prevent piles coming back.
Common hospital treatments include:
You'll be awake for this type of treatment, but the area will be numbed.
You should be able to go home on the same day.
If these treatments do not work, you may need surgery to remove your piles.
Surgical treatments include:
You'll usually need to be asleep for this type of treatment and may need to stay in hospital for more than 1 day.
Piles are swollen blood vessels. It's not clear what causes them.
Things that make piles more likely: