Who is at high risk from coronavirus (COVID-19)
Find out who is considered at high risk from coronavirus and what to do if you are.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) can make anyone seriously ill. But for some people, the risk is higher.
Some people who are considered at high risk from COVID-19 are eligible for a booster dose or a 3rd dose of the vaccine.
People aged 16 and over with a health condition that puts them at high risk of getting seriously ill from COVID-19 are eligible for a booster dose of the vaccine.
These conditions include:
- long-term lung conditions (such as severe asthma, COPD, bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis)
- long-term conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels (such as congenital heart disease, heart failure and peripheral arterial disease)
- long-term kidney disease
- long-term liver conditions (such as cirrhosis and hepatitis)
- conditions affecting the brain or nerves (such as dementia, Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, cerebral palsy or stroke)
- severe or multiple learning disabilities
- Down's syndrome
- problems with the spleen or the spleen has been removed (splenectomy)
- severe obesity (a BMI of 40 or above)
- severe mental conditions (such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder)
- a condition or treatment that makes you more likely to get infections
- a condition your doctor advises puts you at high risk
A 3rd dose and booster (4th dose) of the COVID-19 vaccine is being offered to people aged 12 and over who had a severely weakened immune system when they had their first 2 doses.
This includes people who had or have:
- a blood cancer (such as leukaemia or lymphoma)
- a weakened immune system due to a treatment (such as steroid medicine, biological therapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy)
- an organ or bone marrow transplant
- a condition that means you have a very high risk of getting infections
- a condition or treatment your specialist advises makes you eligible for a 3rd dose
People at high risk from COVID-19 are advised to follow the same guidance as everyone else.
You are no longer advised to stay at home (shield). But there are still things you can do to help keep yourself safe.
Clinically extremely vulnerable
People are no longer being called clinically extremely vulnerable.
Some people who were previously considered clinically extremely vulnerable are still considered at high risk from COVID-19.