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Anal cancer

Anal cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the anus (where your bowel connects to the outside of your body).

Symptoms of anal cancer include bleeding, discharge, lumps and itching inside and outside the anus.

Most anal cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus you can get from sex or skin-to-skin contact of the genital area.

It’s not always possible to prevent anal cancer. Having the HPV vaccine, using a condom during sex and quitting smoking may help.

Anal cancer can usually be treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery, depending on the size of the cancer and how far it has spread.

Read more on the NHS website.

Symptoms of anal cancer include bleeding, discharge, lumps and itching inside and outside the anus.

Main symptoms of anal cancer

Symptoms of anal cancer can include:

Anal cancer may have no symptoms at all, or they might be hard to spot.

Anal cancer symptoms are often similar to piles (haemorrhoids) and anal fissures, which are common and less serious conditions.

Read more on the NHS website.

Anal cancer can usually be treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery, depending on the size of the cancer and how far it has spread.

Read more on the NHS website.

It’s not always possible to prevent anal cancer. Having the HPV vaccine, using a condom during sex and quitting smoking may help.

Read more on the NHS website.

Most anal cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus you can get from sex or skin-to-skin contact of the genital area.

Read more on the NHS website.