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Cradle cap

Cradle cap is a harmless skin condition that's common in babies. It usually clears up on its own, but there are things you can try to make it better.

Image of cradle cap crusts on a baby's head.Image of cradle cap with red skin on a baby's head.Image of cradle cap on a baby's eyebrows and around nose.

Cradle cap is not itchy or painful and does not bother your baby.

It's not clear what causes cradle cap. It cannot be caught from another baby.


  • wash your baby's hair regularly with baby shampoo and gently loosen flakes with a soft brush

  • gently rub on baby oil or a vegetable oil (such as olive oil) to soften the crusts

  • use baby oil, vegetable oil or petroleum jelly overnight and wash with baby shampoo in the morning


  • do not use peanut oil (because of the allergy risk)

  • do not use soap

  • do not use adult shampoos

  • do not pick crusts – this can cause an infection


Hair may come away with the flakes, but do not worry, your baby's hair will soon grow back.

You can ask a pharmacist:

  • about cradle cap treatments

Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:

  • the cradle cap is all over your baby's body
  • the crusts leak fluid or bleed
  • the affected areas look swollen
  • there's no improvement after a few weeks of treatment

These could be signs of an infection or another condition, like eczema or scabies.