Cerebral palsy is caused by a problem with the brain that occurs before, during or soon after birth.
It can be the result of the brain either being damaged or not developing normally, although the exact cause isn't always clear.
Cerebral palsy is most often due to a problem that affects the development of a baby's brain while it's growing in the womb.
Cerebral palsy is also sometimes caused by damage to a baby's brain during or shortly after birth.
For example, it can be due to:
There are some things that can increase a baby's risk of being born with cerebral palsy.
Your doctor may recommend that your baby has regular check-ups to look for symptoms of cerebral palsy for the first two years of their life if there's an increased risk they could have cerebral palsy.