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PMS (premenstrual syndrome)

Premenstrual syndrome is the name for the symptoms women can experience in the weeks before their period.

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome include mood swings, tiredness, tummy pain, headaches and spotty skin.

Getting plenty of sleep and taking painkillers can help with premenstrual syndrome. Other treatments like hormone medicine may be used if it's severe.

Premenstrual syndrome is thought to be linked to changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle.

Read more on the NHS website.

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome include mood swings, tiredness, tummy pain, headaches and spotty skin.

What is PMS (premenstrual syndrome)?

Each woman's symptoms are different and can vary from month to month.

The most common symptoms of PMS include:

Read more on the NHS website.

Getting plenty of sleep and taking painkillers can help with premenstrual syndrome. Other treatments like hormone medicine may be used if it's severe.

Self-care


Do

  • regular exercise
  • eat a healthy, balanced diet
  • get plenty of sleep – 7 to 8 hours is recommended
  • try reducing your stress by doing yoga or meditation
  • take painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol to ease the pain
  • keep a diary of your symptoms for at least 2 to 3 menstrual cycles – you can take this to a GP appointment

Don't

  • do not smoke
  • do not drink too much alcohol

Medical treatments

As well as changes to your lifestyle, a GP can recommend treatments including:

If you still get symptoms after trying these treatments, you may be referred to a specialist.

This could be a gynaecologist, psychiatrist or counsellor.

Read more on the NHS website.

Premenstrual syndrome is thought to be linked to changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle.

Read more on the NHS website.