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What to do if someone has a seizure (fit)

If you see someone having a seizure or fit, there are some simple things you can do to help. You should call an ambulance if you know it's their first seizure or it's lasting longer than 5 minutes.

It might be scary to witness, but don't panic.

If you're with someone having a seizure:

If they're in a wheelchair, put the brakes on and leave any seatbelt or harness on. Support them gently and cushion their head, but don't try to move them.

Don't put anything in their mouth, including your fingers. They shouldn't have any food or drink until they fully recover.

When to call an ambulance

Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if:

People with epilepsy don't always need to go to hospital every time they have a seizure.

Some people with epilepsy wear a special bracelet or carry a card to let medical professionals and anyone witnessing a seizure know they have epilepsy.

The charity Epilepsy Action has more information on seizures that last longer than 5 minutes.

Make a note of any useful information

If you see someone having a seizure, you may notice things that could be useful for the person or their doctor to know:

You can watch videos of people talking about having epileptic seizures on HealthTalk.org.

Keeping a seizure diary

If you have epilepsy, it can be helpful to record the details of your seizures in a diary.

Read more about seizure diaries and download one for free from: