A vaccine is available to help protect people at risk of being exposed to rabies.
But even if you've been vaccinated, you should get urgent medical help if you're bitten or scratched by an animal that may have had rabies.
You should consider getting vaccinated against rabies if you're travelling to an area of the world where rabies is common and:
It takes up to 4 weeks to complete the vaccine course, so you ideally need to start it at least a month before you plan to leave.
Pregnant women are advised to have the rabies vaccine if the risk of exposure to rabies is thought to be high and there's limited access to medical care.
Vaccination is also recommended for anyone at risk of being exposed to rabies through their job (paid or voluntary), such as:
If you think this applies to you, speak to your employer or occupational health provider. If you regularly handle bats in a voluntary role, speak to your GP about rabies vaccine.
You may be able to get the rabies vaccination at your local GP surgery, but you may need to pay for it.
Alternatively, you can pay for the vaccine at a private travel vaccination clinic.
You'll usually have to pay for the rabies vaccine if you need it for protection while travelling.
The vaccine course involves 3 doses. Each dose usually costs around £40 to £60, with a full course typically costing around £120 to £180.
If you need the vaccine because there's a risk you could be exposed to the infection through your job, your employer should be able to provide it for you free of charge. Ask your employer or occupational health provider about this.
If you regularly handle bats in a voluntary role, you should speak to your GP to see if you are eligible for free vaccine.
The rabies vaccine is given as injections into your upper arm.
You'll need 3 doses of the vaccine, usually over a period of 28 days.
If you're planning to travel to an area where rabies is found, you should complete the full course of 3 doses before you leave.
If you've been vaccinated against rabies before but you continue to be at risk – for example, through your job – you may need further "booster" doses to ensure you stay protected.
Speak to your employer or occupational health provider about the booster doses you might need.
For travellers, 1 booster dose may be considered if you were vaccinated more than a year ago and you're travelling to a high-risk area again.
After having the rabies vaccine, some people have temporary soreness, redness and swelling at the injection site for 24 to 48 hours.
In rare cases, some people also experience:
The vaccines used in the UK contain an inactive (dead) form of the rabies virus, so you cannot catch rabies by being vaccinated.