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Symptoms

Heart failure is where the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly and needs treatment to help it work.

Symptoms of heart disease include shortness of breath, tiredness and swelling in your ankles or legs.

The main treatments for heart failure are healthy lifestyle changes and medicines. Some people may also need a pacemaker or heart surgery.

Heart failure is caused by damage to the heart or a problem with the way it works. Common causes include heart disease and high blood pressure.

Read more on the NHS website.

Symptoms of heart disease include shortness of breath, tiredness and swelling in your ankles or legs.

Symptoms of heart failure

The main symptoms of heart failure are:

Some people also experience other symptoms, such as a persistent cough, a fast heart rate and dizziness.

Symptoms can develop quickly (acute heart failure) or gradually over weeks or months (chronic heart failure).

Read more on the NHS website.

The main treatments for heart failure are healthy lifestyle changes and medicines. Some people may also need a pacemaker or heart surgery.

Medical treatments

Treatment for heart failure usually aims to control the symptoms for as long as possible and slow down the progression of the condition.

Common treatments include:

  • lifestyle changes – including eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and stopping smoking
  • medicine – a range of medicines can help; many people need to take 2 or 3 different types
  • devices implanted in your chest – these can help control your heart rhythm
  • surgery – such as a bypass operation or a heart transplant

Treatment will usually be needed for life.

A cure may be possible when heart failure has a treatable cause. For example, if your heart valves are damaged, replacing or repairing them may cure the condition.

Read more on the NHS website.

Heart failure is caused by damage to the heart or a problem with the way it works. Common causes include heart disease and high blood pressure.

Read more on the NHS website.