EncephalitisOverview

Encephalitis is an uncommon but serious condition in which the brain becomes inflamed (swollen).

overview

Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain, usually caused by an infection. It's a rare but serious condition.

symptoms

Encephalitis may start off with flu-like symptoms. More serious symptoms include confusion, seizures, difficulty speaking and feeling weak.

treatments_overview

Encephalitis needs urgent treatment in hospital. Depending on the cause, treatment may include antiviral medicines, steroids or antibiotics.

prevention

Some of the infections that cause encephalitis can be prevented with vaccines, such as the MMR and Japanese encephalitis vaccines.

Page last reviewed: 06/12/2016
Next review due: 06/12/2019