Your pregnancy and baby guideYour body just after the birth

Advice about stitches, piles, bleeding and other physical changes after birth, plus tips to help you make a healthy recovery.

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Advice about stitches, piles, bleeding and other physical changes after birth, plus tips to help you make a healthy recovery.

If you've had a caesarean, see recovering from a caesarean.


If you've had stitches after tearing or an episiotomy (cut), bathe them every day to help prevent infection. Have a bath or shower with plain warm water then carefully pat yourself dry.

If your stitches are sore or uncomfortable, tell your midwife.

Painkillers can help. If you're breastfeeding, check with your pharmacist, midwife or GP before you buy over-the-counter painkillers.

Stitches usually dissolve by the time the cut or tear has healed, but sometimes they have to be taken out.

Going to the toilet

At first, the thought of peeing can be a bit frightening – because of the soreness and because you can't feel what you're doing. Drinking lots of water dilutes your urine, which may make it sting less.

Tell your midwife if:

  • you're finding it really difficult to pee
  • you feel very sore
  • you notice an unpleasant smell

You probably won't have a poo for a few days after the birth, but it's important not to let yourself get constipated.

Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, salad, wholegrain cereals and wholemeal bread, and drink plenty of water.

If you've had stitches, it's very unlikely you'll break them, or open up the cut or tear again.

It might feel better if you hold a pad of clean tissue over the stitches when pooing. Try not to strain.

Talk to your midwife or GP if you have constipation that won't go away. A gentle laxative may help.

Also tell your midwife or GP if poo is leaking or you're pooing when you don't mean to.

Bladder control

After having a baby, it's quite common to leak a bit of pee if you laugh, cough or move suddenly.

Pelvic floor exercises can help with this but tell your GP at your postnatal check if they aren't. They may refer you to a physiotherapist.


Piles are very common after birth but usually disappear within a few days.

Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, salad, wholegrain cereals and wholemeal bread, and drink plenty of water. This should make pooing easier and less painful.

Try not to push or strain – this will make the piles worse.

Let your midwife know if you feel very uncomfortable. They can give you a cream to soothe the piles.

Bleeding after birth (lochia)

You'll bleed from your vagina after the birth. It will be quite heavy at first, and you'll need super-absorbent sanitary towels. Change them regularly, washing your hands before and afterwards.

It isn't a good idea to use tampons until after your 6-week postnatal check because they could increase your chance of getting an infection.

See when you can start using tampons after birth.

You may notice the bleeding is redder and heavier when you breastfeed. This happens because breastfeeding makes your womb contract. You may also feel cramps similar to period pains.

The bleeding will carry on for a few weeks. It will gradually turn a brownish colour and decrease until it finally stops.

If you're losing blood in large clots, tell your midwife. You may need some treatment.


To begin with, your breasts will produce a yellowish liquid called colostrum for your baby.

On the third or fourth day, they may feel tight and tender as they start to produce milk.

Wearing a supportive nursing bra may help. Speak to your midwife if you're very uncomfortable.

Read more about breastfeeding in the first few days.


Your tummy will probably be quite baggy after delivery and still quite a lot bigger than before pregnancy. This is partly because your muscles have stretched.

If you eat a balanced diet and get some exercise, your shape should gradually return to normal.

Breastfeeding helps because it makes your womb contract. You may feel quite painful period-like cramps while you're feeding.

You could also try these gentle postnatal tummy exercises.

Is it something serious?

Tell your midwife, health visitor or GP straight away if you get any of these symptoms.

Symptoms What it could be
Pain, swelling or redness in the calf muscle of one leg deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Pain in your chest, difficulty breathing pulmonary embolism
Sudden or very heavy blood loss from your vagina, possibly feeling faint, rapid heart beat postpartum haemorrhage
Fever, sore and tender tummy infection
Headache, changes in your vision, vomiting pre-eclampsia

Page last reviewed: 04/10/2019
Next review due: 04/10/2022