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Treatment

There's currently no cure for corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and no treatment to slow it down, but there are lots of things that can be done to help manage the symptoms.

Care will be provided by a team of health and social care professionals working together. This is known as a multidisciplinary team.

Members of your multidisciplinary team may include:

A care plan will be drawn up in discussion with your team. This will outline the treatments you need to help with the symptoms of CBD, as well as the support and advice you require to make your life easier.

Medicine

There are currently no medicines that treat CBD specifically. Depending on the person's symptoms or complications, the following may be used:

In general, people with CBD are sensitive to medicine side effects. Doses may start low and be increased gradually.

Some medicines should be avoided completely, such as haloperidol (a medicine used to treat some mental health problems).

Cognitive stimulation

Cognitive stimulation is a type of therapy used to treat dementia, and it may be helpful if a person with CBD has dementia symptoms.

It involves taking part in activities and exercises designed to improve your memory, problem-solving skills and language ability.

Read more about how dementia is treated.

Physiotherapy

A physiotherapist can give advice about how to remain safely mobile. Regular exercise can help strengthen your muscles, improve your posture and prevent stiffening of your joints.

They can teach you breathing exercises to use when you eat, to reduce your risk of developing aspiration pneumonia (a chest infection caused by food particles falling into your lungs).

Read more about physiotherapy.

Occupational therapy

An occupational therapist can give you advice about the best ways to increase your safety and prevent trips and falls during your day-to-day activities.

For example, a person with CBD may benefit from having bars placed along the sides of their bath to make it easier to get in and out.

The occupational therapist can also arrange access to mobility equipment such as walking frames and wheelchairs. They can also arrange equipment to help the person or their carer manage other everyday activities such as washing, dressing, eating, and using the bathroom safely.

Speech and language therapy

A speech and language therapist can help assess and treat speech and swallowing problems.

They can teach people techniques to help make the voice as clear as possible and can advise you about suitable communication aids or devices that the person may need as CBD progresses.

A therapist can also advise you about different swallowing techniques and, working together with a dietitian, they may suggest altering the consistency of your food to make swallowing easier.

Diet and severe swallowing problems

You may be referred to a dietitian, who will advise you about making changes to your diet, such as including food and liquids that are easier to swallow, while ensuring that you have a healthy, balanced diet.

Feeding tubes may be recommended for severe swallowing problems, where the risk of malnutrition, weight loss, fatigue and dehydration is increased. You should discuss the pros and cons of feeding tubes with your family and care team.

The decision about whether and when to consider a feeding tube depends on the individual and should be discussed with a specialist.

Read more about treating swallowing problems.

Palliative care

Palliative care aims to relieve pain and other distressing symptoms while providing psychological, social and spiritual support. It can be offered at any stage of CBD, alongside other treatments.

Palliative care can be received:

Read more about accessing palliative care.

Advanced care planning

Many people with CBD make plans for the future that outline their wishes about medical care and other decisions. They share these plans with both their family and the health professionals involved in their care.

This can be useful in case you're unable to communicate your decisions later on because you're too ill. However, you don't have to do it if you don't want to.

Issues that you may want to cover include:

If you decide to discuss these issues, they can be written down in a number of ways:

Your care team can provide you with more information and advice about these decisions and how best to record them.

Read more about end of life care.

Care and support

If someone you know develops CBD, you may need information and advice about caring for them.

The NHS website guide to care and support has a wide range of useful information about all aspects of caring for others, and advice for carers themselves.

You can also contact the PSP Association (PSPA), who provide help and advice to people living with CBD. Their email address is: helpline@pspassociation.org.uk and you can call their helpline on 0300 0110 122.

The Parkinson's nurse within your local hospital may be able to provide you with useful information and support.