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Treatment

Benign prostate enlargement is where the prostate, a small gland found near a man's bladder, is bigger than usual. It's not usually serious.

Symptoms of benign prostate enlargement include needing to pee more than usual and finding it hard to empty your bladder.

Benign prostate enlargement may not need treatment if it's mild. If it's more severe, you may need medicine or surgery to make your prostate smaller.

It's not clear what causes benign prostate enlargement. It's thought to be linked to hormone changes that happen as you get older.

Read more on the NHS website.

Symptoms of benign prostate enlargement include needing to pee more than usual and finding it hard to empty your bladder.

Symptoms of benign prostate enlargement

The prostate is a small gland, located in the pelvis, between the penis and bladder.

If the prostate becomes enlarged, it can place pressure on the bladder and urethra, the tube through which urine passes.

This can affect how you pee and may cause:  

Diagram of a normal prostate and an enlarged prostate.

In some men, the symptoms are mild and do not need treatment. In others, they can be very troublesome.

Read more on the NHS website.

Benign prostate enlargement may not need treatment if it's mild. If it's more severe, you may need medicine or surgery to make your prostate smaller.

Medical treatments

Treatment for an enlarged prostate will depend on the severity of your symptoms.

If you have mild symptoms, you do not usually need immediate treatment, but you'll have regular prostate check-ups.

You'll probably also be advised to make lifestyle changes, such as:

  • drinking less alcohol, caffeine and fizzy drinks
  • limiting intake of artificial sweeteners
  • exercising regularly
  • drinking less in the evening

Medicine to reduce the size of the prostate and relax your bladder may be recommended to treat moderate to severe symptoms of an enlarged prostate.

Surgery is usually only recommended for moderate to severe symptoms that have failed to respond to medicine.

Read more on the NHS website.

It's not clear what causes benign prostate enlargement. It's thought to be linked to hormone changes that happen as you get older.

Read more on the NHS website.