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Gout

Gout causes sudden swelling and severe pain in your joints.

Symptoms of gout include sudden pain and swelling in a joint, such as your big toe or knees.

An attack of gout can be treated with ibuprofen. Sticking to a healthy weight, reducing alcohol and regular exercise can help prevent further attacks.

Read more on the NHS website.

Symptoms of gout include sudden pain and swelling in a joint, such as your big toe or knees.

See a GP if you have:

These are symptoms of gout.

Gout does not cause lasting damage to joints if you get treatment straight away.

Ask for an urgent appointment or call 111 if:

This could mean you have an infection inside the joint.

Read more on the NHS website.

An attack of gout can be treated with ibuprofen. Sticking to a healthy weight, reducing alcohol and regular exercise can help prevent further attacks.

Medical treatments

Attacks of gout are usually treated with anti-inflammatory medicine like ibuprofen.

If the gout does not improve after 3 to 4 days, you might be given steroids as tablets or an injection.


Do

  • take any medicine you have been prescribed as soon as possible – it should start to work within 3 days
  • rest and raise the limb
  • keep the joint cool – apply an ice pack, or a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel, for up to 20 minutes at a time
  • drink lots of water (unless advised not to by a GP)
  • try to keep bedclothes off the affected joint at night

Don't

  • do not knock the joint or put pressure on it

Treatment to prevent gout coming back

Gout can come back every few months or years. It can come back more often if not treated.

If you have frequent attacks or you have high levels of uric acid in your blood, you may need uric acid-lowering medicine.

Important

It's important to take uric acid-lowering medicine regularly, even when you no longer have symptoms.

Self-care

Making lifestyle changes might mean you can stop or reduce further attacks.


Do

  • get to a healthy weight, but avoid crash diets – you could try the NHS weight loss plan
  • aim for a healthy, balanced diet, with plenty of vegetables and some low-fat dairy foods
  • have at least 2 alcohol-free days a week
  • drink plenty of fluids to avoid getting dehydrated
  • exercise regularly – but avoid intense exercise or putting lots of pressure on joints
  • stop smoking
  • ask a GP about vitamin C supplements

Don't

  • do not eat a lot of red meat, kidneys, liver or seafood
  • do not have lots of sugary drinks and snacks
  • do not have lots of fatty foods
  • do not drink more than 14 units of alcohol a week (and do not have it all on 1 or 2 days)

Read more on the NHS website.