Skip to main content
Symptoms

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder, usually caused by an infection. It's a common type of urinary tract infection.

Common symptoms of cystitis include pain when peeing, needing to pee more often than usual and pain low down in your tummy.

Cystitis may get better by itself in a few days. Drinking plenty of water and taking painkillers can help. Some people need to take antibiotics.

Cystitis is usually caused by bacteria from your bowel or skin getting into your bladder. Sexually active women can get cystitis regularly.

Things you can do that may help prevent cystitis include staying well hydrated and going for a pee soon after having sex.

Read more on the NHS website.

Common symptoms of cystitis include pain when peeing, needing to pee more often than usual and pain low down in your tummy.

Signs and symptoms of cystitis

The main symptoms of cystitis include:

Possible symptoms in young children include:

Read more on the NHS website.

Cystitis may get better by itself in a few days. Drinking plenty of water and taking painkillers can help. Some people need to take antibiotics.

Self-care

If you have been having mild symptoms for less than 3 days or you have had cystitis before and do not feel you need to see a GP, you may want to treat your symptoms at home or ask a pharmacist for advice.

Until you're feeling better, it may help to:

  • take paracetamol or ibuprofen
  • drink plenty of water
  • hold a hot water bottle on your tummy or between your thighs
  • avoid having sex
  • pee frequently
  • wipe from front to back when you go to the toilet
  • gently wash around your genitals with a skin-sensitive soap

Some people believe that cranberry drinks and products that reduce the acidity of their urine (such as sodium bicarbonate or potassium citrate) will help.

But there's a lack of evidence to suggest they're effective.

Medical treatments

If you see a GP and they diagnose you with cystitis, you'll usually be prescribed a course of antibiotics to treat the infection.

These should start to have an effect within a day or 2.

If you keep getting cystitis, a GP may give you an antibiotic prescription to take to a pharmacy whenever you develop symptoms, without needing to see a doctor first.

Your GP can also prescribe a low dose of antibiotics for you to take continuously over several months.

Read more on the NHS website.

Things you can do that may help prevent cystitis include staying well hydrated and going for a pee soon after having sex.

Read more on the NHS website.

Cystitis is usually caused by bacteria from your bowel or skin getting into your bladder. Sexually active women can get cystitis regularly.

Read more on the NHS website.