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Diagnosis

Multiple sclerosis is a lifelong condition that affects the brain and nerves.

There are many possible symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Common symptoms include tiredness, vision problems and problems with walking or balance.

Multiple sclerosis cannot be cured, but medicines and other treatments can help ease some of the symptoms.

Multiple sclerosis is caused by your immune system mistakenly attacking the brain and nerves. It's not clear why this happens.

Read more on the NHS website.

There are many possible symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Common symptoms include tiredness, vision problems and problems with walking or balance.

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS)

The symptoms of MS vary widely from person to person and can affect any part of the body.

The main symptoms include:

Depending on the type of MS you have, your symptoms may come and go in phases or get steadily worse over time (progress).

Read more on the NHS website.

Multiple sclerosis cannot be cured, but medicines and other treatments can help ease some of the symptoms.

Medical treatments

There's currently no cure for MS, but a number of treatments can help control the condition.

The treatment you need will depend on the specific symptoms and difficulties you have.

It may include:

  • treating relapses with short courses of steroid medicine to speed up recovery
  • specific treatments for individual MS symptoms
  • treatment to reduce the number of relapses using medicines called disease-modifying therapies

Disease-modifying therapies may also help to slow or reduce the overall worsening of disability in people with a type of MS called relapsing remitting MS, and in those with a type called secondary progressive MS who have relapses.

Unfortunately, there's currently no treatment that can slow the progress of a type of MS called primary progressive MS, or secondary progressive MS in the absence of relapses.

Many therapies aiming to treat progressive MS are currently being researched.

Read more on the NHS website.

Multiple sclerosis is caused by your immune system mistakenly attacking the brain and nerves. It's not clear why this happens.

Read more on the NHS website.