Healthy gums should be pink, firm and keep your teeth securely in place. Your gums should not bleed when you touch or brush them.
Gum disease is where your gums are red and swollen.
Gum disease is caused by a build-up of a sticky substance called plaque on your teeth. This can happen if you do not brush your teeth regularly.
Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing regularly can help gum disease. A dental hygienist may need to thoroughly clean your teeth.
Symptoms of gum disease include bleeding gums, swollen gums and bad breath.
Page last reviewed: 19/02/2019
Next review due: 19/02/2022