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Diagnosis

Epilepsy is a common condition where sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain cause seizures or fits.

There are lots of possible symptoms of epilepsy seizures, including uncontrollable shaking or losing awareness of things around you.

The main treatment for epilepsy is medicine to stop seizures.

It's often not clear what causes epilepsy. Sometimes it runs in families or is caused by damage to the brain from things like a severe head injury.

Read more on the NHS website.

There are lots of possible symptoms of epilepsy seizures, including uncontrollable shaking or losing awareness of things around you.

Symptoms of epilepsy

Seizures can affect people in different ways, depending on which part of the brain is involved.

Possible symptoms include:

Sometimes you might pass out and not remember what happened.

Read more on the NHS website.

The main treatment for epilepsy is medicine to stop seizures.

Medical treatments

Treatment can help most people with epilepsy have fewer seizures or stop having seizures completely.

Treatments include:

  • medicines called anti-epileptic drugs – these are the main treatment
  • surgery to remove a small part of the brain that's causing the seizures
  • a procedure to put a small electrical device inside the body that can help control seizures
  • a special diet (ketogenic diet) that can help control seizures

Some people need treatment for life. But you might be able to stop treatment if your seizures disappear over time.

Read more on the NHS website.

It's often not clear what causes epilepsy. Sometimes it runs in families or is caused by damage to the brain from things like a severe head injury.

Read more on the NHS website.