Vulval cancerCauses

Cancer occurs when the cells in a certain area of your body divide and multiply too rapidly. This produces a lump of tissue known as a tumour.


Vulval cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the vulva, the outside parts of the female genitals.


Vulval cancer can cause itchiness, pain and changes in the appearance of your vulva.


It's not clear exactly what causes vulval cancer. It's been linked to things like getting older, smoking and skin conditions affecting the vulva.


Surgery is the main treatment for vulval cancer. Other treatments include radiotherapy and chemotherapy.


It's not possible to completely prevent vulval cancer. But using a condom during sex, attending cervical screening checks and not smoking can help.

Page last reviewed: 22/04/2018
Next review due: 22/04/2021