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Temporomandibular disorder (TMD)

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) can cause pain and stiffness around your jaw, ear and temple.

Symptoms of temporomandibular disorder include pain around your jaw and a clicking or grinding noise when you move your jaw.

Temporomandibular disorder usually gets better on its own. You can ease pain with painkillers, ice packs and gentle massage.

Read more on the NHS website.

Symptoms of temporomandibular disorder include pain around your jaw and a clicking or grinding noise when you move your jaw.

Check if you have temporomandibular disorder (TMD)

Signs of TMD include:

The pain may be worse when chewing and when you feel stressed.

TMD can also stop you getting a good night's sleep.

Read more on the NHS website.

Temporomandibular disorder usually gets better on its own. You can ease pain with painkillers, ice packs and gentle massage.

Self-care

There are some simple things you can do to try to reduce your jaw pain.


Do

  • eat soft food, like pasta, omelettes and soup
  • take paracetamol or ibuprofen
  • hold ice packs or heat packs to the jaw, whichever feels better
  • massage the painful jaw muscles
  • try to find ways to relax

Don't

  • do not chew gum or pen tops
  • do not bite food with your front teeth
  • do not yawn too wide
  • do not bite your nails
  • do not clench your teeth – apart from when eating, your teeth should be apart
  • do not rest your chin on your hand

Medical treatments

A GP may suggest:

  • stronger painkillers
  • relaxation techniques to reduce stress
  • ways to improve your sleep

A GP might suggest you see:

  • a dentist, if teeth grinding might be an issue
  • a psychologist, if stress and anxiety are making your pain worse

If these treatments do not help, you may be referred to a specialist in joint problems to discuss other options, such as painkilling injections or surgery.

Read more on the NHS website.